SEWA
Self Employed Women’s Association
 
 
PART – B
 
SEWA’S UNITS
- The Urban Union
- The Rural Union
- Jeevika
- Jeevan Shala
- The Federation of Co-operatives
- SEWA Social Security Net
- SEWA Marketing Support
- SEWA Bank
- SEWA Academy
- SEWA Bharat
- SEWA Accounts
 
10. SEWA Bharat
  10.1 Introduction
   
  The rapid progress made by SEWA in organising women in Gujarat lead to a demand for creation of similar organisations in other states too. SEWA Bharat was thus set up in 1982 in response to this demand. Its main aim is to facilitate the formation of new member organisations across the country and to promote their growth and development. SEWA Bharat is, therefore, a federation of SEWA member organisations, with the mandate to highlight issues concerning women working in the informal sector, and to strengthen the capacity of the organisations that serve the interests of these women. Presently nine such SEWA member organisations are working in 35 districts of seven states, and together they accounted for a total membership over 7,00,000. SEWA Bharat is an association of associations of the women labourers. It works to bring the unorganised women together and help them raise their voice at national level and also works for capacity building of the members. ;
   
  Supportive Services and Capacity Building
   
  As described in its Mission Statement, SEWA Bharat’s mandate is to building and to strengthen developing SEWA throughout India. This occurs through the following activities:

i. Acting as a link among SEWA
ii. Coordinating and guiding the activities of existing SEWA
iii. Coordinating and guiding the process of establishing new SEWA
iv. Training and workshops for members, leaders and organisers
v. Strengthening and expanding micro finance services in all SEWA

Supportive services like savings and credit, health care, child car, insurance, legal aid, capacity building and communication services are important needs of poor women. If women are to achieve their goals of full employment and self-reliance, these services are essential. Recognising the need for supportive services, SEWA has helped women take a number of initiatives in organising these services for themselves and their SEWA sisters. Many important lessons have been learnt in the process of organising supportive services. They provide these services in a decentralised and affordable manner, at the doorsteps of workers. Further, supportive services can be and are themselves a source of self-employment. For example, midwives charge for their services and crèche workers collect fees for taking care of young children. Specific program areas being developed include the following:

¡ Social Security
¡ Micro-finance
¡ Creating Markets
SEWA activities include Micro Finance, Social Security, Housing, and Education, Creating market linkages all of which are based on the 11 points of SEWA.
   
  Objective
   
  1 Giving direction to the formation of new organisations in SEWA.
2 Increasing the exchange of knowledge among various member associations of SEWA.
3 Help in raising voice of women workers of the unorganised sector.
4 To coordinate the functioning of other member associations.
   
  10.2 Building Capacity Of Various Associations Of Sewa And Newly Built Associations
   
  Short term financial Programme – SEWA Bharat plays an important role in strengthing the short-term financial programmes undertaken by the member associations. SEWA Bharat made efforts throughout the year that their members should have the basic knowledge of financial aspects, which would facilitate the members in financial planning so that they make independent financial decisions.

Action Plan – SEWA Bharat with the help of Indian School of Micro Finance located at Ahmedabad organised a workshop in which they were given training for financial planning as well as they got guidance to plan the activities of their associations.

Management Information System – A workshop in Delhi was organised in collaboration with M.Kril, which is a rating company for micro finances having a mandate to strengthen the short-term financial planning programmes. This workshop helped in formulation of MIS for various member associations.

Training – After conducting the workshop it was necessary to give the training of the same. Thus training was organised in order to make the members well conversant with the usage of the system.

Anoosoya - It is the main newsletter of SEWA Bharat. Since last 18 years it is continuously published. Its main publication is Anoosoya Trust, which is situated at Bhopal. For the publication of Anoosoya, SEWA Bharat is continuously making efforts to make it more interesting and every SEWA centres contribute a lot towards this direction.

A joint effort of SEWA Bharat and international Labour Organisation has been engaged in strengthing women workers of unorganised sector. SEWA Bharat is operating its programme in Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Simultaneously ILO’s operations are in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Through these programmes of SEWA Bharat the programme of Vimo SEWA has been initiated in all services and whose data exists in Vimo SEWA’s report.

SEWA Munger

Health Plans - Diagnostic camps/ Dai’s training and government programmes like DOTS has been associated with SEWA Munger’s Health plans.

Activity Camps Of Women
Diagnostic Camps 30 1,505
Awareness Camps 4 825
Dai Training 3 55
DOTS Camps (T.B) 1 17

In this programme health centres of SEWA – Gujarat, provided continuous help.

Organising and Capacity building - In year 2004 SEWA Munger the membership base was 1265 and about 50 Aagewans Ben were provided Leaders training to SEWA Academy.
   
  SEWA Delhi
   
  SEWA Delhi was initiated in the year 1999. Its main purpose is to create self-employment for the poor women of the un-organised sector, undertaking micro-finance programme also linking the women with the government led programme for the development and upbringing of the unorganised poor women.

Exhibitions - An exhibition was organised by SEWA Bharat in 2004 at Delhi, Aghakhan Hall, Delhi Haat and Indore. Under the umbrella of SEWA workers festival there was display of all the products produced by SEWA members.

Employment - This year in Rajguru College under Delhi University SEWA Canteen was initiated, under which three women members got employed and besides these five women members were trained to make hand product products in Miranda House College. Through an export company order to make wedding and greeting cards to 20 women members and Rs. 5,360 were generated as income from this order.

Short-term finance programme - Under the premises of short tem finance programme different finance programme as saving groups and insurance work had been taken up.

Area Total Group’s Total Members Total Savings Creditors Balance Amount
Puri 4 110 5,66,000 3,80,090 20,090
R.N 2 12 38,030 40,000 20,500
S.N 14 147 2,57,700 3,17,000 79,250

Insurance - in year 2004 about 203women & men members were insured, under which 3 were accepted out of which 3 were rejected and about 3 cases are under process. In this seven mediclaim were recorded and two-house claim out of which 1 was accepted and one was rejected.

Organization & development work - In Jhangirpuri area of Delhi the membership was allotted to 125 members and in Raghubir Nagar about 510 and 212 memberships were allotted in Sundar Nagar. Total number was 847.

SEWA Education/Shikshan Centre - This centre this is under operation in Sunder Nagar and Raghubir Nagar of Delhi where 65 children were enrolled.
   
  SEWA Bikaner
   
  Short term finance programme, by the end of the year there are about 28 groups who have been regularised and opened their accounts in the bank and five groups are in their initial stage of organisation which will be associated with banks in the coming days.

Number Of Groups Number Of Members Total Savings Total Loan Balance
28 316 2,64,637 3,53,600 1,70,799

Vimo SEWA - 141 women workers adopted membership by the end of the year.

Capacity Building - There are 500 women workers till 2004. And besides this managerial training under short term finance programme was imparted twice to Aagewans of 17 groups.

Education Programme - To educate women workers 1 informal education centre was co-ordinated.
   
  SEWA Murshidabad
   
  Murshidabad is situated in western Bengal where most of the members are Bidi roller workers. There was proposal form Bengal government labour ministry that SEWA should work for Bidi workers residing in this district. Earlier the facilities that were provided by government were not allotted to these workers, and then SEWA Bharat through SEWA Academy initiated a study in Murshidabad. Through this study the data recorded was that about seven lakh Bidi rollers work here and specifically the condition of women workers are miserable. Due to SEWA’s expended experience of working with Bidi workers with the advice of other member organisations has initiated to work in new areas.
   
 
 
Self Employed Women's Association
SEWA Reception Centre, Opp. Victoria Garden, Bhadra, Ahmedabad - 380 001. India.
Phone : 91-79-25506444 / 25506477 / 25506441, Fax : 91 - 79 - 25506446, Email :mail@sewa.org
     
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